Module 1 – Learning Theory and Educational Technology

What are my beliefs about how people learn best? What is the purpose of learning theory in educational technology?

I believe that people learn best by doing. Ideally, the best way to reinforce knowledge is to practice and then teach it to someone else. When I teach a class I use a variety of multimedia to attract attention and encourage group collaboration to promote peer coaching.

I also believe that a major part of learning is reflection. I have kept a personal journal for decades in which I write about the things I learn and observe. Writing seems to solidify information in my brain. I have seen similar results in the classes I have taught in the nuclear industry and for my tribe.

For adults, I feel that learning theory provides patterns of learning where they become self-directed, taking responsibility for their own learning and the direction it takes. Adults need to know why they should learn something. The experience that adults bring with them is the association of their experiences with who they are. Reflection on what they expect to learn, how they might use it in the future or how it will help them to meet their goals contributes to this knowledge.

According to Siemens (2008), the key question, however, is whether learning best occurs through minimal guidance or guided instruction. Mitra (2007) has shown that children do not require direct instruction to acquire basic computer literacy skills.

I personally like Clarence Fisher‘s model of the “teacher as network administrator.” In Fisher’s model, the educator assists learners in forming connections and creating learning networks. These learning networks help learners develop competence to meet objectives.

Reference

2/15 Seattle Lunch 2.0 * blist ” badsquare. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://badsquare.wordpress.com/2008/02/16/215-seattle-lunch-20-blist/

Andragogy and Technology: Integrating adult learning theory . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://frank.mtsu.edu/~itconf/proceed00/fidishun.htm

Brookfield, Stephen D. 1986. Understanding and facilitating adult learning. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Driscoll, M. P. (2005). Psychology of learning for instruction (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.

PDF file. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/Nostrad/pdf-file-3899944

Siemens, G. (2008, January 27). Learning and knowing in networks: Changing roles for educators and designers. Paper presented to ITFORUM. Retrieved from http://it.coe.uga.edu/itforum/Paper105/Siemens.pdf

About Claude Chavis

I am a member of the Turtle Clan of the Tuscarora Nation. My tribal name is “Ra?kwihs Rarehnakse?” which means “Turtle He Dreams” or “Turtle Dreaming”. I am also an enrolled member and former Tribal Historian of the Pee Dee Indian Nation of Upper South Carolina. A graduate of Appalachian State University with a B.A. degree in History and Military Science, I served as an Infantry and Combat Engineer officer in the Army and the North Carolina National Guard. I completed an Academic Concentration in American Indian Studies at UNC-Pembroke and a Master of Arts Degree in Teaching (MAT) specializing in Social Studies Education on December 12th, 2009. I am currently a doctoral candidate at Walden University where I am pursuing a PhD in Educational Technology. I have worked as a carpenter, freight handler, lab assistant, magazine photographer, Quality Assurance manager, Quality Control inspector, technical trainer, welder, and writer. My primary duties were engineering and construction of nuclear power plants, with extensive experience in Instructional Technology. After leaving Progress Energy in 2002, I traveled extensively before settling in the Carolinas. My photographs and articles have been published regularly in magazines and newspapers over the past 30 years. I have taught primarily technical topics including website development and Native American history and traditions. I wrote an ethno history titled, “Hiding in Plain Sight: The Pee Dee Indians after Contact.” It began as a graduate school thesis and after an additional three years in research and a summer in Washington, D.C. as a Smithsonian Institute Native American Community Scholar became a book. On the personal side, I am the divorced father of two daughters. My youngest daughter is a Deputy Sheriff in Monroe and my oldest daughter is a computer programmer. I have two grandchildren. I am currently writing another book and contributing to a local magazine – The Carolina Rider.
This entry was posted in Education, Education Technology, Instructional design, Instructional Technology, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Module 1 – Learning Theory and Educational Technology

  1. John Richbourg says:

    Claude,

    Good observations on learning. Doing is a great way to learn. Have you considered the types and levels of learning being done? I remember that there were many things I learned when I was in the Army, but I didn’t really enjoy the process. After so many years, I have forgotten most of it. I still remember things learned before and after the Army that were enjoyable experiences.

    John Richbourg

    • John,

      The army is famous for the KISS concept. Keep It Simple, Stupid. Tell them what you are going to tell them, tell them, and tell them what you told them. I learned that by the time I was 5 years old on field maneuvers with my father’s command on the Big Island of Hawaii. He was a Command Sergeant Major and I was raised on military bases around the world. Later when I got my commission, I used the same philosophy to train my troops as Combat Engineers.

  2. jrichbourg says:

    Claude,

    Good observations on learning. Doing is a great way to learn. Have you considered the types and levels of learning being done? I remember that there were many things I learned when I was in the Army, but I didn’t really enjoy the process. After so many years, I have forgotten most of it. I still remember things learned before and after the Army that were enjoyable experiences.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s